Lupus: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

There are many symptoms of lupus

Selena Gomez, the international singing sensation who tasted success and meteoric rise at a very young age decided to take it slow at the beginning of 2015. There had been a lot of speculations and rumors about her health and whether she got admitted to a rehabilitation center for some addiction or depression. The media was abuzz with many such stories to sell.

But soon after Selena Gomez had made a shocking revelation about her health that she is suffering from incurable disease lupus and is undergoing chemotherapy as part of the treatment.

Again in 2016, she took a complete break from her music career as she was going through an ordeal of depression, panic attacks and episodes of anxiety. These are some lesser-known symptoms of lupus that unfortunately Selena had to deal with.

In 2017, she announced that she was undergoing a kidney transplant as the disease has damaged her organs. However, the surgery was successful and she resumed her career shortly after.

Here are some facts about lupus that everyone must know about.

The proper medical term for lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus and it belongs to the category of autoimmune disease. The Lupus Foundation of America states that lupus can damage any part of the body that includes the joints, skin or the internal organs and it prompts the immune system to attack the healthy cells and tissues leading to illness and infections. 90% of lupus cases diagnosed are women, especially those of childbearing ages between 14 to 45 years.

Symptoms of lupus:

There are many symptoms of lupus and it differs from one person to another. Due to so many varied symptoms, doctors are often confused and the disease is misdiagnosed. In some cases, the symptoms may develop slowly or come very suddenly, the symptoms might be mild or severe, and they may disappear with time or stay permanently. The most common symptoms of lupus are:

  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Painful joints
  • Unexplained fever (above 100 F)
  • Skin rash shaped like a butterfly across the cheeks
  • Fluid retention
  • Swelling of ankles
  • Hair loss
  • Sensitivity to sun
  • Chest pain when breathing deeply
  • Seizures
  • Mouth sores
  • Dry eyes
  • Confusion, memory loss, and headaches

Causes of lupus:

Even doctors don’t know the exact cause of lupus. Genetics, hormones, or environment, are held responsible for lupus by some medical research experts. People with an inherited predisposition for lupus are believed to develop the disease once they come in contact with the potential triggers. Here are some possible triggers

Sunlight can trigger lupus skin lesions

Infection externally or internally can develop lupus or start a relapse in some people

Medications can also trigger lupus. Certain blood pressure medications, antibiotics, and anti-seizure medications can induce lupus.

Treatment of lupus:

Although lupus is incurable they can be treated. With lifestyle changes, therapies and medications, lupus can improve quality of life by alleviating symptoms. Doctors mostly prescribe immunosuppressant drugs and corticosteroids to name a few among many other types of medications.

It is therefore important to identify the symptoms ta the right time and start treatment.

Also, Read:

Metastatic Cancer: What Does it Mean?



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