There are millions of cases in India is the recent years where people are suffering from high blood pressure. It is a very common condition where the blood forces against the arterial walls with a very high pressure that a prolonged continuation of this condition can lead to severe heart diseases and in some cases heart attacks even. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension and it is a dangerous condition. It makes the heart to work harder to pump the blood throughout the body.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
High blood pressure is quite a silent disease with no symptoms in its initial stages. But with a prolonged pressure against the arterial walls and bloodstream, the symptoms start showing gradually like:
- Dizziness, fainting
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Causes of high blood pressure
The cause of high blood pressure is not exactly known but doctors have identified some risk factors that can contribute to high blood pressure
Age plays a very important role and in most cases, it has been g=found that as individuals age, the risk of developing high blood pressure increases. In men, it is common to develop high blood pressure until about 64 years, however, women are at a greater risk of getting high blood pressure after age 65.
But these days due to a change in lifestyle, high blood pressure is more common among young men and they should be considered with similar seriousness as their older counterparts. It has often been found that when young men go for a regular checkup, they often end up knowing that their blood pressure reading is high and medications are administered. "Young men are less likely than older men to believe they have hypertension and less likely to go back to the doctor," says Daniel Lackland, DrPH, spokesman for the American Society of Hypertension. "Often these are patients whose blood pressure would respond to weight management and other lifestyle changes, but they're less likely to seek treatment."
Another important factor that is responsible for high blood pressure in an individual is family history. If either of your parents or one of your close blood relative has high blood pressure, chances are that as you age, your risk of developing high blood pressure increases too.
A sedentary lifestyle is defined as long hours sitting indoor either in front of the computer screen or the television screen. Sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity are directly linked to many adverse health conditions in the present century. There have been several studies conducted to understand the relationship between sedentary lifestyle and increased cases of hypertension. Evidences have proved that incidents of hypertension were directly linked to sitting for long hours with no physical activity.
Eating too much salt in the diet increases blood pressure as it puts extra strain on the insides of the arteries. This rising blood pressure causes damage to the arteries leading to the heart and in the initial stages might lead to angina. Continuing to eat too much salt and sodium completely clogs the arteries that they may also burst. So the best way is to eat less salt in food.
Blood pressure can increase from over-consumption of alcohol. Having more than three drinks at one sitting increases the blood pressure level temporarily but prolonged binge drinking can lead to serious effects leading to hypertension. This causes damage to the cardiovascular system.
It is therefore important that you keep checking your blood pressure at regular intervals and seek medical treatment if you find the levels high.