The other day, I was reading an article on the rising status of diabetes in India and according to the news; it is one of the fastest growing diseases in the country. 49% of the world’s Diabetes cases are found in India and the number is likely to double up by the end of 2025.
With the change in lifestyle patterns and living standards, young and old get affected by diabetes that can lead to tissue and organ damage. However, the good news is that if the symptoms are identified at an early stage, type 2 Diabetes is a preventable disease.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is usually difficult to recognize at an early stage because the symptoms are usually very mild. This is a condition in which your body stops responding to insulin correctly as it is unable to produce enough insulin.
Some risk factors associated with type 2 Diabetes:
- Fat distribution in the abdominal area
- Lack of physical activity
- Family history
- PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)
- Gestational diabetes
Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:
It is very difficult to identify diabetes early as the symptoms develop slowly and are generally mild until at a later stage. Here are some very common physical signs and moderate discomforts that might raise a red flag for Diabetes:
Increased Thirst –
If you feel thirsty more than usual, it might be a sign of diabetes. This usually comes as one of your first noticeable signs. The high blood sugar level in your blood is responsible for the extreme thirst.
Increased Hunger –
Just like the urge to drink more and more water, your hunger pangs also increase. In diabetes, the body uses sugar to feed the cells but the cells are unable to absorb the sugar. Hence the feeling of hunger stays persistently.
Frequent urination –
This is another common sign that your blood sugar level might be high. This symptom is medically termed as polyuria. When the kidneys can’t keep up with the high levels of glucose, it often spills in your urine urging you to pee often.
Numbness/Nerve pain –
A tingling sensation in the nerves of your hands, legs, fingers, and feet is a sign of diabetic neuropathy that comes at a much later stage after a person has lived with diabetes for many years.
Blurred vision –
A change in eyesight or visionary problem is also a common diabetic symptom. This symptom also occurs early when due to high blood sugar, the fluid shifts to the lens of the eye.
Dark patchy skin –
Dark patchy skin in the neck, armpit and groin regions is also a warning sign of diabetes.
One of the most common complains of people with diabetes is that they experience too much exhaustion to work even. The body is not turning sugar into energy that accounts for the tiredness.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do visit a doctor immediately to get treated and prevent diabetes from causing permanent damage.
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