Water and thirst are common terms used in summer, as we sweat more in summer so our mind says 'drink more water'. We know the maths of drinking water, be it while having spicy food, during a work out session, to avoid excessive eating or just casually. But sometimes people also feel thirsty all the time and many don’t even know that they might be having some condition. So, here are the few conditions that might be giving you that extra thirst
- Dehydration – severe dehydration can be life-threatening especially in children. It can be caused by too much sweating, vomiting, alcohol consumption, food poisoning or diarrhea.
- Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 Diabetes) – excessive thirst is the common symptom that is seen first in diabetic patients. It is caused by high blood sugar levels.
- Diabetes insipidus – this form of diabetes occurs if the body doesn’t regulate fluids. It causes an imbalance of water that leads to excessive urination and thirst.
- Hypokalemia – it is caused when potassium levels are low in the body. Potassium is important for maintaining electrolyte balance in nerve and muscle functioning. Kidneys are the important organ that controls the potassium level.
- Kidney failure – kidneys filter the blood and remove toxins from the body through urination. During a failure, the kidney loses its ability the filter waste from the blood.
- Heat – excessive exposure to heat causes health crisis that can occur in three stages: heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat cramps.
- Hyperparathyroidism – it occurs when the parathyroid glands produce an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. This hormone regulates the levels of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus in the blood and bones. It causes kidneys and intestines to absorb more calcium by removing it from the bones.
- Alcoholic liver cirrhosis – liver is the largest organ of the body. It removes toxins from the blood, breaks down proteins and helps in absorption of fats. On the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol, the healthy liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue which causes cirrhosis in the liver.
- Glucagonoma – it is a rare tumor in pancreases. Glucagon is a hormone secreted by pancreases which work with insulin to control sugar in the blood. In glucagonoma, the tumor cells produce large amounts of glucagon due to which the sugar stays in the blood.
- Sepsis: it is a dangerous condition which is caused by a severe inflammatory reaction due to bacteria or other organisms.
- Anaemia – anaemia is caused when the body has insufficient red blood cells. Few people are diagnosed with anemia as they grow due to poor diet or heavy bleeding. In case of mild anaemia, the thirst is not throng but in case of severe anemia the thirst is severe and requires immediate attention.
Look for symptoms
Always look for symptoms like the colour of the urine, feeling dry mouth, thick saliva, bad breath, dizziness, blurred visions, excessive sweating, and frequent urination.
How to care?
Always listen to your body. Our body has a natural timer, it functions well when everything is normal and if something is not correct it alarms by showing symptoms. Therefore, pay close attention to those clues and have regular checkups with the doctor.