Have you been suffering from pounding and nauseating headache for quite some time now? Does it last for hours or even days? And also does it often bother one side of the head? If your answer to all these questions is a YES, chances are that you might be having a migraine.
Visit a doctor at the earliest and get screened if your headache is due to a migraine or some other underlying neurological condition.
If you do not have a migraine, you will never understand what a migraineur goes through.
However here are 5 facts that you should know about a migraine:
1. A migraine is not just a mere headache. It is a very serious neurological disorder that is not just defined by a throbbing pain but it is also accompanied by vomiting, nausea, dizziness, and sensitivity to light, smell, and sound. Some migraineurs might also experience some visual symptoms known as the aura or a numbing sensation.
2. Migraine triggers are physiological and every migraineur might have unique triggers leading to headaches. Some common triggers include:
- A certain or strong perfume and fragrance can trigger a migraine pain. Sometimes a migraine pain due to fragrance can be devastating.
- Migraineurs usually are unable to work under bright or fluorescent lighting. Some also require wearing a pair of sunglass indoors.
- Loud noise from television or music system can start a migraine attack.
- Staying in a crowded place for a prolonged period also cause a migraine.
- A visit the hills that change the weather and altitude also cause a migraine
- Fumes and smokes from cigarettes, cars, chemicals or cleaning products can also be a migraine trigger.
3. Taking a lot of migraine-relieving medication can actually backfire and cause worse situations. This is known as a medication-overuse headache. Use migraine medications only twice a week.
4. If you have a migraine, you might be at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and strokes at a later stage of life. The risk of stroke increases in women over 35 years of age if they smoke and take oral contraceptives along with having a migraine.
There are many more symptoms barring just a severe headache that might also indicate a migraine:
- One-sided throbbing headache
- Difficulty in focusing and concentrating
- Impaired ability to comprehend words
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision, seeing flashlights and partial loss of sight
- Impaired hearing
- Dehydrated feeling
- Hypersensitivity to touch and feel.
Treatment of a migraine
Is there a treatment for a migraine? Sadly no! Treatment involves alleviating the severe symptoms through painkillers and migraine medications but there is no cure for the condition. In the last decade, there have been new approaches to migraine treatment where the doctor administers a Botox that suppresses the pain.
Migraine medications help improve quality of life but overdose backfires in the form of worse pains. Follow the prescribed dose.