Kidney stones are painful and anyone who has had it will know the consequences of having kidney stones. We all have a certain salt and mineral content in our body but when these salt and mineral levels in urine get higher, they start sticking together and over time form kidney stones. These might be grains of sand to chunks of gravels. “Some are soft, some are sort of crushable, some are more crystalline and some are more solid, like a petrified rock,” says Margaret Pearle, MD, Ph.D., professor and vice chair of urology at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.
In many cases, kidney stones don’t need any treatment at all as they easily pass through the urine, but when the stones get large in size, they may lodge themselves at an odd place like the uterus blocking the flow of urine and causing intense pain.
Causes of kidney stones:
There are a number of factors that can cause kidney stones. These include –
- Diet habits
- Health conditions like obesity
- Genetic history
Here are some warning signs that will help you self-diagnose that might be having kidney stones –
Pelvic, back and groin pain –
When kidney stones decide to make its presence known, it usually happens in the form of pain radiating through the back, the sides, and into the lower abdomen. In men, the pain is usually felt in the testicles or the tip of the penis. The pain might not be persistent. It is severe one moment and the next moment it completely subsides.
When a person is having a kidney stone, it is very evident from their movements. You will never find them sitting still as they are constantly moving to find a more comfortable position to rest.
Urge to urinate frequently –
A person with a kidney stone is always bugged by the urgency to pee. Dr. Pearle says that depending on the location of the stone, this symptom varies. “Stones that are close to the bladder will have a lot of bladder symptoms: frequency, urgency, needing to get to the bathroom quickly, and going small amounts, Dr. Pearle explains.
Blood in urine –
Have you recently noticed blood in your urine that has passed off in a day or two? It might be a result of the presence of kidney stones. You may notice a significant bleeding or microscopic or somewhere in between. The stones cause irritation to the tissue lining the urinary tract that leads to blood oozing out.
In addition to blood with urine, you might also experience pain while urinating.
These are some of the red flags that should prompt you to visit a doctor immediately. In case of severe pain, vomiting, bleeding, seek emergency medical help immediately.
Don’t leave kidney stones untreated. It can lead to severe damage to the kidney if urine gets blocked. In most cases, kidney stones will pass on their own but depending on the size and the location of the stone, you might need a surgical removal of the stone. Also, drink enough water to flush out kidney stones. And keep following up with a doctor for a medical diagnosis. diagnosis.