Hypertriglyceridemia – What is it?
Hypertriglyceridemia refers to a higher blood level of triglyceride that exceeds 200 mg/dL. To explain in more elevated terms, hypertriglyceridemia is related to high risks of cardio-vascular diseases or CVD. This happens due to low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
Why Hypertriglyceridemia is called a silent killer?
Hypertriglyceridemia is rightly named as the silent killer because people with higher levels of triglyceride experience no particular symptoms as such. It actually happens due to a collection of health conditions like being obese around the waist, high BP, high blood sugar and abnormal levels of cholesterol. These health conditions are often a sign that you might be at a risk of acute pancreatitis, sudden heart attack, stroke or heart disease.
At times, high triglyceride levels might be due to poorly managed type 2 diabetes, hypothyroidism, liver or kidney disorder or maybe due to a genetic disorder that affects the way in which fat in turned into energy.
Furthermore, high triglyceride might be a dangerous side-effect when you are having birth control pills, steroids or beta blockers.
So as seen, Hypertriglyceridemia has no definite signs and symptoms to identify this disease. On the contrary, it is happens due to a collection of various health conditions.
How to manage Hypertriglyceridemia?
Along with prescribed medications, Hypertriglyceridemia can be managed well with certain lifestyle changes.
Weight loss –
Losing weight alone can help you reduce your risk of mortality. Maintaining a balanced weight can lower the risk of many life-threatening diseases. If you are overweight, then losing some 5-10 pounds will naturally bring out high triglyceride levels.
Count your calories in your diet –
A balanced diet is the key to good health. Calories are also essential for health, but excess calories get converted to triglycerides and accumulate as unwanted fats. Therefore, by reducing calories, you can also lower your triglycerides count.
Avoid refined food and sugar –
Choose your foods well. Sugar and foods made with refined flour like pasta, bread, cereals, and crackers are the triggers of high triglyceride.
Choose healthy fats –
Give up on saturated fats and go for food having healthy unsaturated fats such as nuts, olive or canola oil. Fish oil fats are healthy as they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids as compared to fat found in red meat. Avoid red meat altogether. Instead opt for fatty fish like salmon and mackerel.
Limit alcohol intake –
You should always keep a control of how much alcohol you are drinking. Since it is high in calories and sugar, alcohol highly affects triglycerides level. If you have any of the above health conditions, even a small amount of alcohol can trigger triglycerides level.
A 30 minutes of physical activity everyday can help lower your LDL while boosting HDL. Opt for any type of exercise you are comfortable in. Be it swimming or walking, gymming, aerobics; exercise always works wonders on health and maintaining your vitals.
Always remember that as much as medications help, lifestyle changes also significantly matters in maintaining levels of triglyceride. Don’t let Hypertriglyceridemia take your life silently; keep your health vitals at check always.