Anaemia and osteoporosis are the two common health conditions that affect women on a larger scale. Doctors often prescribe calcium and iron supplements after a certain age for women to maintain a good health and limit the risk of any diseases.
Why Calcium supplements for women?
To understand why calcium supplements are required, we should first understand the role calcium plays in our body.
- Calcium helps to build and maintain strong bones. As more than 99% of calcium is stored in bones and teeth, so it is important for the body to have enough calcium.
- Calcium is also used to send nerve signals in the bloodstream and release hormones like insulin that regulates the dilation and contraction of muscles and blood vessels.
If the body does not get the required calcium amount from diet, it tries drawing it from the skeletal system and teeth to use for other functions. The bones weaken eventually. In such cases, calcium supplements are required.
The question also rises if you should take calcium supplements. Although you must always consult a doctor before taking any supplements, but under certain circumstances, you can consider having supplements.
- Older women above 50
- If you are prone to osteoporosis
- Menopausal women
- If you are a vegan
- If you eat a high-protein and high-calcium diet as it excretes more calcium
- Any health condition like Crohn’s disease or inflammatory bowel disease that limits calcium absorption in body
- Certain medications like corticosteroids
Why Iron supplements for women?
Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency that women complain about. That is the reason that women suffer from anaemia and anaemia-related health conditions.
Here are some important roles that iron plays –
- Iron carries oxygen in blood to provide energy.
- Strengthens immune system that helps to fight infections
- During menstruation, women lose upto 1 mg of iron through their blood.
- Girls during their puberty need enough iron as they will start their periods.
Who needs iron supplements?
- Pregnant women require a minimum of 15 to 18 milligrams of iron daily.
- During menstruation, women might need iron supplements. Bleeding reduces the iron store in your body. That is the reason women tend to be more anaemic than men.
- If you are an athlete, you might need iron supplements as exercising require more red blood cells to carry oxygen.
- In case you are taking medications that deplete the iron content in your body, you might have to take iron supplements.
Always consult a doctor before considering any supplement options. Your doctor will be able to assess your health before prescribing you any supplements.