Sexual intercourse is not supposed to be painful unless it is caused due to some physical distress or psychological concern. In medical terms, this condition is called dyspareunia and is described as a recurrent vaginal pain that occurs just before, during or after intercourse. Every woman experiences pain during intercourse at some point in their lives which might occur due to lack of lubrication. It might also happen due to certain medications that affect sexual arousal. But that is not the case always as there may be underlying health conditions that lead to pain. You must consult a gynaecologist who might be able to help you diagnose the reason and administer treatment. Recent research shows that 30% of women experience pain during the act. Though one reason might be a grave health issue like endometriosis, most of the times it is not very serious. Doctors have said that most of the conditions leading to painful sex are treatable.
However, let’s look at the common reasons why it might hurt during sex:
Vaginal dryness happens when you are not adequately aroused and it is a very common problem among premenopausal and postmenopausal women. A lack of lubrication is a common reason. Certain pills like anti-anxiety and anti-depressants, anti-allergy pills and some cold medications prevent natural vaginal lubrication. You might use a water-based lube for less pain and change your position. But if you are still experiencing pain, common causes might be constipation, muscle spasms, cysts, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine prolapse, retroverted uterus, uterine fibroids, and other organic causes.
If your vagina is itchy, it might lead to discomfort during penetration. UTI or a yeast infection might lead to itchiness. Medical experts blame scented bubble bath, douching and lube usage to genital itching. You may have OTC medications to get rid to a yeast infection but if the symptoms do not subside in five days, visit a doctor to get your parts thoroughly checked.
Post delivery strain
If you have delivered your baby just a couple of weeks before or if you are a breastfeeding mom, you’ll experience a drop in the oestrogen levels due to changing hormones and that might leave your vagina as dry as sand. The vaginal walls are also prone to tearing more than ever. Don’t rush into the deed within weeks after delivery. Take a break. Most women need at least three months as a recovery period to get physically ready for intercourse.
Creams, jellies or birth control foams might cause irritation in the vaginal walls that lead to uncomfortable sex. Some women are sensitive to latex condoms which might be a reason as well. Alternatively, scented tampons, vaginal hygiene products, vaginal sprays or douches can also irritate the vagina; hence you must stop using these products at once.
Some women experience involuntary muscle spasms in the muscles of the vaginal walls that make penetration painful.
These are some of the reasons that can cause painful penetration. These are treatable conditions and therapies and medications can take good care of these issues.