Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that is characterized by fever and other associated painful symptoms. It is caused by any one or all of the four dengue viruses. An average of 390 million dengue infections is reported worldwide with 96 million of them resulting in illness. The tropical regions of the world are the most affected. The Indian subcontinent, Southern China, Southern Asia, Pacific Islands, Taiwan, Texas-Mexican border, Africa experience dengue outbreaks.
When a dengue virus-infected Aedes mosquito bites, dengue fever gets transmitted.
What are the symptoms of dengue fever?
Dengue fever symptoms don’t show immediately after the bite. It usually takes around 4-6 days for the infection to settle down in and then the fever shows up. The fever along with associated symptoms may last up to 10 days.
Here are some common symptoms after contracting dengue fever -
- Sudden fever with high temperature
- Severe headaches, joint & muscle pain
- Pain at the back of eyes
- Excessive fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swollen glands
- Skin rash that appears within 2-5 days after fever
- Mild bleeding from the nose, gums and easily susceptible to bruises
In most cases, the dengue symptoms are too mild to be noticed even and often get passed as viral fever. Many times, dengue patients recover within a week or so. However if not treated, serious problems can occur. Symptoms can worsen and it may lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever. It is a rare complication that requires immediate hospitalization. The units of platelets in blood drop drastically.
The severe Dengue condition gets characterized by -
- Very high fever
- Rupture of lymph and blood vessels
- Massive nose and gum bleeding
- Continuous vomiting
- Blood in stools and urine
- Under-skin bleeding
- Breathing difficulty
- Severe abdominal pain due to liver enlargement
- Circulatory system failure
All these conditions might lead to a sudden fall in blood pressure (shock) and then death.
On experiencing any of such symptoms, visit your doctor and if needed, get admitted to the ER. It is the best decision to stay under medical supervision.