Menopause is like a trip down the rough path for women in their middle age. It is a journey that could span over years for some women, while for others, it’s just a breeze.
What is menopause?
Menopause is a phase that each and every woman goes through in their late 40s to the late 50s that indicate their termination of fertility. This natural phenomenon takes place when the ovary is unable to produce any eggs further. However, in some women menopause is induced through surgical removal of ovaries or due to chemotherapy treatments.
The menopausal phase is different for every woman. While some women might experience uncomfortable menopausal symptoms, it’s a breeze for others.
Symptoms of Perimenopause:
The uncomfortable symptoms experienced usually happen during the perimenopause stage. As the production of estrogen and progesterone starts getting reduced, many symptoms start showing up. Perimenopause usually lasts for about two years with too many hormonal upheavals all through the body.
During perimenopause, women might have heavy periods, close period cycles and sore breasts. These happen due to excessive estrogen levels in blood.
Also, at other times, the ovaries might have slowed down due to reduced estrogen levels. Symptoms like hot flushes, night sweats, bad mood, anxiety and sleep disturbances happen. You might also notice missed periods during some months.
Symptoms of Menopause:
Due to the gradually lower production of estrogen and progesterone levels, a female body goes through several changes and the symptoms are disturbing and uncomfortable.
Here are Some Common Symptoms:
Irregular menstrual cycle
The first symptom that you may encounter when going through menopause is missed period or period at uncertain dates. Also, you might have heavier or lighter flow than usual and just spot occasionally. But before jumping into a conclusion that you might have begun menopause, make sure to rule out pregnancy chances.
If not pregnant, you are into menopause.
Don’t all menopausal women complain of hot flashes? This is one of the primary menopausal symptoms usually experienced in the upper portion of your body. You might feel a sudden flushed out feeling in your face and neck, sweaty and might turn red. It may last for a few seconds to 10 minutes. In some cases, women also experience hot flashes as part of their post-menopausal symptoms although they gradually decrease over the years.
But if these hot flashes are interfering with your daily life, make sure to visit a doctor.
Vaginal dryness & painful intercourse
This is another problem that menopausal women go through. Due to decreased estrogen and progesterone production, the vaginal wall lubrication starts diminishing leading to such discomforts. This condition is known as vaginal atrophy and might lead to painful sex. You might try a water-based lubricant or talk to your doctor for medical guidance.
Sleeping problems or Insomnia
Menopausal women have trouble falling asleep at night. Due to this, they often face extreme mood swings and restlessness all through the day. Try a few sleep-inducing techniques like meditation and exercise, taking a warm shower, listening to soft music that will help you relax and put you to sleep. Stay away from mobile phones and other media, also avoid caffeine intake before bedtime as they may disrupt sleep habits.
Urge to urinate frequently and UTI
During menopause, this is a very uncomfortable phase. Women tend to lose control over their bladder, feeling the constant urgency to urinate. This also eventually results in UTI. The pelvic muscles get weakened at this stage too.
Stay hydrated, limit alcohol intake and practice Kegel exercises for relief. Or else, visit a doctor if symptoms persist.
Menopause is a natural phenomenon, but the doctor can help you with medications if you experience too much discomfort.