What Causes Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums causes

One fine morning when it was brushing my teeth and humming away, I had no idea that it would end with drops of blood in the basin scaring me to death. I did not want to visit the dentist right away, instead looked through the internet to find an answer to the bleeding gum problem.

So, here’s what I found out:

What are bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums are also known as Pyorrhea or periodontitis. It is an advanced form of periodontal disease that causes infection and damages the bones surrounding the teeth. But I also got to know that bleeding gums are not always dental related, it can also be a cause of some underlying health factor. What scared me was if periodontitis reaches its advanced stages, it can lead to bone loss and damage to the tissue resulting in the loss of a tooth.

What causes bleeding gums?

Gum disease 

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease that might lead to swollen and tender gums that cause bleeding. Gingivitis happens due to prolonged plaque formation on your gums and teeth and it needs to be dealt with at the beginning with proper oral care and dental checkups. Otherwise, you might be at a risk of losing your teeth.


If you are on blood thinning medications, chances are that your gums will bleed. This prevents your blood from clotting that can easily cause gum bleeding.

Health conditions 

There are many underlying health conditions that lead to bleeding gums. It might be any genetic bleeding disorders like haemophilia, hormonal changes during pregnancy, leukemia, diabetes, thrombocytopenia, scurvy, lack of vitamin C and K.


Smokers are always at a risk of developing bleeding gums. The inhaled smoke leaves toxins on your teeth that are stubborn enough to persist even after proper oral hygiene. The immune system of smokers is also compromised and hence they have no infections.

Poor diet 

If your daily nutritional value of the necessary vitamin and minerals is not met through fruits, vegetables, grains, protein and dairy, your gums might be at a risk of inflammation and diseases. A balanced diet is needed for good oral health.

Ill oral hygiene

“Am I maintaining a proper oral hygiene?” You must question yourself when you see your gums bleeding. If you are using a hard-bristled toothbrush, brushing too hard, forgetting to floss or rinsing with mouthwash, it negatively impacts your teeth and gums.

It is important that you use proper oral hygiene tools and don’t forget your oral hygiene routine.

Hormonal changes

During menstruation and pregnancy, your hormones go for a toss that might cause gums to bleed.

Visit your dentist if you notice persistent bleeding gums. He’ll be able to help you better with medications and treatment. Sometimes a periodontal surgery might be required to treat the gum disease.

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